Marble Surface


Working Papers

“Gender Peer Effects in the Workplace: A Field Experiment in Indian Call centers”


Several theories suggest that gender integration in the workplace may have negative effects in gender-segregated societies. This paper presents the results of a randomized controlled trial on the effect of gender integration on employee productivity, conducted in call centers located in five Indian cities. A total of 765 employees were randomized to either mixed gender teams (30-50% female peers) or control groups of same gender teams. I find precisely estimated zero effects on both productivity (intensive margin) and days present during study period (extensive margin) of being assigned to a mixed gender team. I also find that conditional on being assigned to mixed gender teams, women with high autonomy have higher proportion of days worked in the study period than women with low autonomy. There is an increase in the secondary outcome of peer monitoring and team support for women assigned to mixed gender teams relative to the control team. I find an increase in the secondary outcomes of knowledge sharing, dating and comfort with the opposite gender for male employees in mixed gender teams, relative to all male teams.

Media coverage: Ideas for India, Hindustan Times

Funding: International Growth Centre (IGC), BLUM Initiative

“Effect of Co-residence with Parents-in-law on Female Labor Force Participation” (with Anil Deolalikar)

This paper studies the impact of co-residence with parents-in-law on female labor force participation (FLFP). We study this in the Indian context where presence of parents-in-law is common in the household. For women with young children, having a mother-in-law or father-in-law living nearby might have a positive effect on labor supply because the grandparents might provide childcare transfers. On the other hand, the parents-in-law could enforce traditional norms that constrain daughter-in-law’s labor supply. We use two rounds of IHDS panel data for the analysis taking death of a healthy parent-in-law as the exogenous variation. Our results show that co-residence with father-in-law has a significantly negative effect on women’s labor supply. Depending on the specification, losing one’s father-in-law increases the labor force participation of women by approximately 9 to 13 percentage points, compared to a similar household where the father-in-law still co-resides in the second round. There is some effect for the loss of a working mother-in-law on FLFP, providing evidence to added worker effect in the household.

“A Qualitative Study on Non-prescription Sale of Antibiotics in Pharmacies of New Delhi: Perspectives from Pharmacists, Dispensers and Consumers” (with Jyoti Joshi, Anjana Sankhil Lamkang and Ramanan Laxminarayan)



Works in Progress

“Does Certification Increase the Returns to Human Capital: A Field Experiment in India” (with Sarojini Hirshleifer and Opinder Kaur)

Funding: JPAL's Post-Primary Education (PPE) Initiative

“Environment and Productivity: Evidence from Call Centers in India” (with Sarojini Hirshleifer and Jamie T. Mullins)


“Impact of COVID-19 on Children with Disabilities: Evidence from India” (with Jyoti Joshi and Ramanan Laxminarayan)

Funding: MSD Fellowship for Global Health, 2021

“Impact Evaluation of the Magic Bus Foundation’s Sports in Girls’ Education Program in India” (with Ramanan Laxminarayan, Subha Mani, and Arindam Nandi)



Peer Reviewed Published Research

“Efficiency Comparison of Bus Operators in Delhi” published in Journal of Transport Literature, Volume 9, Number 1, January 2015.


Photos from a field experiment in Bihar, India